Another disadvantage is that even an individual or small group of people can harm image of an established brand. For instance Dopplegnager is a term that is used to disapprove an image about a certain brand that is spread by anti-brand activists, bloggers, and opinion leaders. The word Doppelganger is a combination of two German words Doppel (double) and Ganger (walker), thus it means double walker or as in English it is said alter ego. Generally brand creates images for itself to emotionally appeal to their customers. However some would disagree with this image and make alterations to this image and present in funny or cynical way, hence distorting the brand image, hence creating a Doppelganger image, blog or content (Rindfleisch, 2016).
The first widely publicized example of online advertising was conducted via electronic mail. On 3 May 1978, a marketer from DEC (Digital Equipment Corporation), Gary Thuerk, sent an email to most of the ARPANET's American west coast users, advertising an open house for a new model of a DEC computer.[5][10] Despite the prevailing acceptable use policies, electronic mail marketing rapidly expanded[11] and eventually became known as "spam."
CRISI DELL’ONLINE ADV: I consumatori sono stanchi del marketing invasivo, perciò sono nati gli Ad blocker. Dunque il tema sarà: come può una buona marca farsi notare? Continuare a creare annunci pubblicitari che si fondono perfettamente con il sito piuttosto che interrompere la esperienza di navigazione è una prima idea, ma bisogna condire ogni soluzione di web marketing con un approccio consumer-centric.
I got an Echo for Xmas and of course the first thing I had to do was ask it for my type of business. I was happy to find that once I added my address, we came up as number one (we are only a mile away). At a talk I went recently, the speaker asked, "How do we optimize for this" showing a photo of Alexa. I think it uses Bing but haven't really researched it. If Echo takes off, there may be more reason to optimize for that system.

Two other practical limitations can be seen in the case of digital marketing. One,digital marketing is useful for specific categories of products,meaning only consumer goods can be propagated through digital channels.Industrial goods and pharmaceutical products can not be marketed through digital channels. Secondly, digital marketing disseminates only the information to the prospects most of whom do not have the purchasing authority/power. And hence the reflection of digital marketing into real sales volume is skeptical.[citation needed]
In 2016, I think we're going to see more of what happened to GigaOm and what was described in The Sad Economics of Internet Fame. That is, content becoming so ubiquitous and so hard to monetize that only the big winners will be able to keep up the game. Adblocking's growth may play a part in that, as will Google's algorithms that reward faster-loading, higher-engagement pages that don't drive away visitors with interruptions and annoyances.
After the ads appear online, the company tracks how big of an impression they are making. Web marketing makes it easy for companies to track how successful their websites are. Every time a banner ad is clicked or a video is watched, that information is sent to the marketer. If the goals of the website are met, the campaign can be considered a success. If the target numbers are falling short, the company will need to refine their advertising strategy.
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